Celebration of midsummer – the Feast of St. John – with bonfires, flaming tar barrels and burning torches was widespread in Cornwall until the late 19th Century. Penzance was one of the last towns to lose this tradition in the 1890s, as the perceived fire risk had made insurance premiums too expensive.
In 1991, the tradition was revived by Alverton School, members of Kneehigh Theatre, Penwith Peninsula Project and Penzance Town Council. From the one day of celebration – Mazey Day – and with the continuing support of Penzance Town Council, Golowan grew to revive the old traditions of the Feast of St. John, with the Golowan Band, Serpent Dances, the Quay Fair, Mock Mayor Election, greenery, banners and giant imagery on parade. Hand-made banners and flags adorn the town throughout the festival.
Mazey Eve each year sees the election of the Mock Mayor of the Quay and, after a spectacular fireworks display, the appearance of Penglaz, Penzance’s ‘Obby ‘Oss, accompanied by the Golowan Band.
Penglaz leads a group of revellers on Mazey Eve Mazey Day, launched each year by the Mayor of Penzance and the Mock Mayor of the Quay, is the centre piece of the festival, in which artists, Schools and other community groups fill the streets with music and giant sculptures in a series of parades. Tens of thousands of people line the main street of Penzance, Market Jew Street, which becomes a huge market place for the day, with traders selling all manner of goods as well as food from all around the world to delight the taste buds.
The festival starts on Friday June 20th and culminates over the weekend of 28/29th June for Mazey Day and Quay Fair Day. The programme can be downloaded from the Festival website.
The Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Danny Alexander MP, will tomorrow announce that the government will recognise the Cornish under the Framework Convention for Protection of National Minorities.
Being recognised as a minority may sound like a technicality but it’s a big deal. The Cornish will have the same protections as the Welsh, Scottish and the Irish, meaning government departments and public bodies will be required to take Cornish views into account when making decisions. This is extremely important given our status as the poorest place in the UK. Cornwall still receives Convergence funding from the EU because we are poorer than parts of Eastern Europe. Too often national policies have failed to take into account our unique economy and issues. It will no longer be legally possible to ignore Cornwall.
Danny Alexander said:
“Cornish people have a proud history and a distinct identity. I am delighted that we have been able to officially recognise this and afford the Cornish people the same status as other minorities in the UK.”
Source: Bewnans Kernow